French Revolution Part II

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↜French Revolution Part I

Legislative Assembly - Yasama Meclisi
Legislative Assembly – Yasama Meclisi

The Legislative Assembly (1791-1792)

The new Legislative Assembly met for the first time in October 1791. Under the Constitution of 1791, France was a Constitutional Monarchy. The King shared his rule with the Legislative Assembly, but had the power to stop (veto) laws that he did not like. He also had the power to choose ministers.  

The Legislative Assembly had about 745 members. 260 of them were  Constitutional Monarchists. 136 were Girondins and Jacobins (left-wing liberal republicans who did not want a king). The other 345 members were independent, but they voted most often with the left wing.

The Legislative Assembly did not agree very well. The King used his veto to stop laws that would sentence émigrés to death. Because so many of the members of the Assembly were left-wing, they did not like this.

Crisis of Constitution
The people were turning against King Louis XVI. On 10 August 1792, the members of a revolutionary group called the Paris Commune attacked the Tuileries, where the King and Queen were living. The King and Queen were taken prisoner. The Legislative Assembly held an emergency meeting. Even though only a third of the members were there and most of them were Jacobins, they suspended the King from duty.

⇑ Bu bölümle ilgili test 

War ⇒

National Convention (1792-1795) ⇒

The Reign of Terror ⇒

The Directory (1795-1799) ⇒

French Revolution Part I

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The French Revolution was a revolution in France from 1789 to 1799. It led to the end of the monarchy, and to many wars. King Louis XVI was executed in 1793. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. He became Emperor in 1804.

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Before 1789, France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church. The ideas of the Enlightenment were beginning to make the ordinary people want more power. They could see that the American Revolution had created a country in which the people had power, instead of a king.

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⇒ Causes of the Revolution

⇒ Estates General

⇒ Forming the National Assembly

⇒ The National Assembly

⇒ The Church

⇒ Working on the Constitution

⇒ Royal family tries to leave Paris

⇒ Completing the Constitution

⇒ French Revolution Part II

The Donkey, The Fox, and The Lion

Sunum

A donkey and a fox became friends and started to walk together in order to find food. They walked together for some time and then they saw a lion. They were both frightened. But the fox made a plan. He went up to the lion and whispered in his ear, “I will help you to kill and eat the donkey without getting tired. But you must promise to let me go free”. The lion agreed to this plan. Then the fox went back to the donkey, whispered in his ear, and led him into a pit.
This pit was a trap for wild animals and it was dug by a hunter. The donkey jumped into the pit. The lion saw that the donkey was in the pit and could not get out of it. So, he jumped onto the fox and killed and ate him first. He could eat the donkey later because it was waiting in the pit.

If you betray a friend, you will ruin yourself

Sonuç:

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#1 Why were the donkey and the fox walking?

#2 Why did the fox betray the donkey?

#3 Why did the donkey go into the pit?

#4 Who did the lion eat first? Why?

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TEST

The Poor Man and The Swallow

Sunum

Once upon a time, there was a rich man. He spent all his money carelessly and became a poor man. He had no money, no home, nothing. He only had his old clothes. One day in early spring he saw a Swallow. He thought that summer had come, and that he didn’t need his coat. So, he sold it.
However, a change took place in the weather. There came a sharp frost. It killed the unfortunate Swallow. When the poor man saw the dead swallow he said, “Poor bird! You died of cold and I am going to die of cold myself because of you.”

One swallow does not make summer.

Sonuç:

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#1 How did the rich man become poor?

#2 Why did he think that summer had come?

#3 Why did he sell his coat?

#4 When did he know that he should not have sold his coat?

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TEST

The Peacock and the Crane

Sunum

A Peacock laughed at a Crane. She said, “Your feathers are dull. Look at my brilliant feathers. They are finer (=more beautiful) than your poor feathers.” The Crane replied, “I agree that your feathers are much finer than mine; but when it comes to flying, I can soar into the clouds, whereas you always walk on earth like a hen.”

The Fisherman and the Little Fish

Sunum

A fisherman cast his net into the sea. When he drew it, there was only a little fish in it.
The little fish begged the man, “Please put me back into the water. I am only a little fish now but I will grow big one day. Then you can catch me again and you will have a big fish to eat.” But the fisherman replied, “Oh, no, I will keep you now because I have got you: if I put you back in the water, will I catch you again? No.” So he took the fish home, cooked it, and ate it.

Sonuç:

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#1 What else did the fisherman catch?

#2 Why did the little fish ask the fisherman to put it back into water?

#3 What happened to the fish in the end?

#4 Why didn’t the fisherman put the little fish back into the water?

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TEST